Here are the 37 most common phonograms and some of the 500 words they make up. Remember that although this list contains only one-syllable words, these phonograms will help students decode longer words, too.
A comprehensive list of phonograms is available in The Reading Teacher’s Book of Lists.
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cab, lab, blab, crab, flab, grab, scab, slab, stab
back, pack, quack, rack, black, crack, shack, snack, stack, track
bag, rag, tag, brag, flag
fail, mail, jail, nail, pail, rail, sail, tail, snail, trail
main, pain, rain, brain, chain, drain, grain, plain, Spain, sprain, stain, train
bake, cake, fake, lake, make, quake, rake, take, wake, brake, flake, shake, snake
ham, Sam, clam, slam, swam
can, fan, man, pan, ran, tan, van, bran, plan, than
bank, sank, yank, blank, crank, drank, thank
cap, lap, map, nap, rap, tap, clap, flap, scrap, slap, snap, strap, trap, wrap
bat, cat, fat, hat, mat, rat, sat, brat, chat, flat, spat, that
day, may, pay, say, clay, play, pray, spray, stay, tray
feed, need, seed, weed, bleed, freed, greed, speed
bell, fell, sell, tell, well, yell, shell, smell, spell, swell
best, guest, nest, pest, rest, test, vest, west, chest, crest
dew, few, knew, new, blew, chew
kick, lick, pick, quick, sick, brick, chick, click, stick, thick, trick
knight, light, might, night, right, sight, tight, bright, flight, fright, slight
fill, hill, pill, will, chill, drill, grill, skill, spill, thrill
bin, fin, pin, sin, win, chin, grin, shin, skin, spin, thin, twin
fine, line, mine, nine, pine, vine, wine, shine, spine, whine
king, ring, sing, wing, bring, cling, spring, sting, string, swing, thing
link, pink, sink, wink, blink, drink, shrink, stink, think
dip, hip, lip, rip, sip, tip, chip, clip, drip, flip, grip, ship, skip, strip, trip, whip
knob, mob, rob, blob, slob, snob
knock, lock, dock, rock, sock, block, clock, frock, shock, stock
cop, hop, mop, pop, top, chop, crop, drop, flop, plop, shop, stop
bore, more, sore, tore, wore, chore, score, shore, snore, store
got, dot, hot, knot, lot, not, plot, shot, spot
grout, scout, shout, spout, sprout
cow, how, now, brow, chow, plow
buck, duck, luck, cluck, stuck, truck
gum, hum, drum, plum, slum
junk, chunk, drunk, shrunk, stunk, trunk
by, my, cry, dry, fly, fry, shy, sky, spy, try, why
Reference: Wylie, R.E., & Durrell, D.D. (1970). Teaching vowels through phonograms. Elementary English: 47, 787-791.
Many more phonograms can be found in The Reading Teacher’s Book of Lists by Fry, Kress, and Fountoukidis. Prentice Hall, 2000.